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Tomatoes are common in our life. They are not only a kind of fruit, but also a kind of vegetable. Lycopene is rich in tomatoes. The lycopene is a naturally occurring pigment that gives many fruits and vegetables a red hue.Nowadays, it has been found that the tomato lycopene can perfect cancer. Let's look at it.
In one study, Wang and his team studied that lycopene is rich in tomatoes and it can prevent cancer. At an early age, the mice are infected with a liver carcinogen called diethylnitrosamine, which is then ingested on an unhealthy, high-fat diet similar to the Western diet, with or without lycopene tomato powder. Then, they assessed how does tomato powder protects mice from inflammation and cancer.For humans, this is equivalent to eating two to three tomatoes or a tomato sauce pasta every day. And the related research results are published in the journal Cancer Prevention Research entitled "Dietary Tomato Powder Inhibits High-Fat Diet - Promoted Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Alteration of Gut Microbiota in Mice Lacking Carotenoid Cleavage Enzymes".
What did this new study find?
For the first time, these researchers have demonstrated that lycopene-rich tomato powder can effectively reduce the production of fatty liver, inflammation and liver cancer promoted by high-fat diets in these mice. Feeding tomato powder to mice increases the richness and diversity of the beneficial flora and prevents the overgrowth of some inflammation-related bacteria.
And they observed that tomato powder was more effective in preventing liver cancer than the same dose of purified lycopene supplement. This may be due to the potentially beneficial effects of other nutrients in natural tomatoes such as vitamin E, vitamin C, folic acid, minerals, phenolic compounds and dietary fiber.
The next step will be to conduct high-quality randomized clinical trials in humans to learn more about the role of lycopene in tomatoes in reducing the risk of inflammation and liver disease. At the same time, these researchers believe that the intake of natural foods rich in lycopene may be more effective in preventing cancer than isolated or purified lycopene.
How much do people know about lycopene?
The most abundant source of lycopene is tomato. And other foods also include it, such as, guava, watermelon, grapefruit, papaya, and sweet red pepper. But lycopene is much lower in concentration than tomatoes. Eating tomato and tomato products, such as lycopene-rich ketchup, is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, diabetes, and certain cancers, including prostate, lung, breast, and colon cancer Union.
Although these associations are derived from observational studies, many laboratory studies have shown that lycopene is a potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer agent.
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