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Turmeric is a perennial plant of the ginger family, native to southwestern India, and is often used as a spice in powder form. There are three natural phytochemicals in curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bis-demethoxycurcumin, collectively known as curcuminoids. This article will detail the nutritional content and potential health benefits of turmeric, how to consume turmeric and the possible health risks of turmeric consumption.
Nutrition facts and potential health benefits
The US Department of Agriculture's National Nutrition Database shows that each tablespoon of turmeric powder contains 29 calories, 0.9 g protein, 0.3 g fat, and 6.3 g carbohydrate (2 g fiber and 0.3 g sugar). 26%, 16%, 5% and 3% of potassium and vitamin C requirements.
Traditional Chinese medicine uses turmeric to treat inflammatory diseases, skin diseases, trauma, digestive system diseases and liver diseases. Curcumin contained in turmeric has many benefits, can stimulate the gallbladder to secrete bile and improve digestion. At present, Germany has approved turmeric for improving digestive problems. In addition, curcumin can reduce the levels of two enzymes that cause inflammation in the body. It has a natural anti-inflammatory effect, which is helpful for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease; it can reduce the risk of thrombosis and is antioxidant, so it is beneficial For heart health. Animal studies have found that curcumin can reduce body weight, reduce triglyceride synthesis, increase basal metabolic rate and fatty acid oxidation, and improve insulin sensitivity, all of which are beneficial for reducing the risk of heart disease. In addition, preliminary studies have shown that turmeric may help prevent cancer and prevent neurodegenerative diseases. It can improve type 2 diabetes by stimulating the pancreas to produce and secrete insulin.
How to eat and possible health risks?
Turmeric is mixed with milk to form a delicious turmeric milk, which can also be added to other seasonings such as vinegar. There are already turmeric powder capsules, liquid extracts and tincture. The bromelain contained in pineapple can promote the absorption of turmeric and enhance its effect.
It should be noted that although turmeric is a safe food spice, long-term consumption of turmeric in some special cases may cause stomach upset and ulcers. In addition, turmeric should not be used in combination with drugs that reduce gastric acid secretion. Patients with biliary obstruction and gallstones should consult a doctor before use; women in pregnancy and lactation should not take turmeric supplements. Given that turmeric can lower blood sugar levels, the use of turmeric supplements in diabetic patients tends to increase the risk of hypoglycemia. Given that turmeric has a blood thinning effect, turmeric supplements should not be used in combination with blood thinners and should be stopped for at least two weeks before surgery.