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Dichroa febrifuga is a common plant in China. As a medicinal plant, it is considered to be one of the 50 basic plants. Its roots and leaves are very popular because they contain many active compounds that can be used to treat certain diseases that affect the lungs, liver and even the heart.
First， where do they been planted?
Dichroa febrifuga mainly exists in the Yunnan Province, Guizhou Province and Guangxi provinces of China. The plant grows in the forest, usually at an altitude of 900 to 2400 meters.
Second, what are they features?
Dichroa is an evergreen, 1-2 m tall shrub belonging to the Saxifragaceae family. It has oval or lanceolate leaves, 6-25 cm long and 2-10 cm wide. The leaves are covered with soft or hard hairs (botanically called trichomes). Flowering buds are white, but when they bloom, the flowers are bright blue. Like hydrangea (hydrangea), the color of the flower is affected by the acidity of the soil (related to the availability of aluminum), the stronger the soil acidity and the bluer the flower. The fruit is dark blue berries with a diameter of 3.7 mm. Berries are not edible.
Third, when do they bloom?
The plants bloom from February to April, and the fruits mature from May to August. Plants grow best in mildly acidic soils and are propagated through seeds or cuttings.
The most important is that what are they medical functions?
The roots of Dichroa Febrifuga contain a molecule that can help fight autoimmune diseases and cancer. The leaves are smallly poisonous, and there are medicines for anti-inflammatory, hemostasis, bone fixation and pain relief. And in traditional using, Dichroa febrifuga is a bitter herb that is commonly used in Chinese herbal medicines and is considered to be beneficial to the cold energy of the heart, liver and lungs.
a.The leaves have strong laxative (diarrheal) properties and are traditionally used to treat stomach cancer.
The leaf extract juice is used to treat coughs, colds and bronchitis, and root juice is used to treat fever and digestive problems.
b. Bark decoction is used as a treatment for hyperthermia, and decoction of leaves is usually used exclusively for the treatment of malaria. The root contains a variety of alkaloids with vomiting, expectorant, antipyretic and laxative properties.
c. Curing malaria
In traditional Chinese medicine, the herb is used to kill malaria-causing parasites, but is also considered to be effective against amoeba (single-celled organisms). Febrifugin is effective against protozoa, especially parasitic protozoa in the Plasmodium gene.
d. Anti-Amoeba protozoa
The in vitro and in vivo tests have shown that Dichroa Febrifuga has an anti-amebic effect and its effect is stronger than that of chlorhexidine hydrochloride. The effect of young rats infected with amoeba was higher than that of imipenem, and the therapeutic index was 1 times larger than that of imidin.
And there are other medical function.
a. It has laxative and antipyretic effects.
b. It is used as a medicine for the treatment of colds, coughs and bronchitis.
c. It eliminates the problem of digestion.
d. Use and preparation
e. It is mainly the root used in Chinese herbal medicine.
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